Демонстрация в поле Fendt 1050 Vario, Николае

Демонстрация в поле Fendt 1050 Vario, Николаевская область

Another interesting development pioneered in France is the robotic approach to harvesting tree fruit like apples and oranges where the mature fruit is selected by machine vision using light reflectance, picked mechanically by the robot and conveyed pneumatically (under vacuum) to a storage pallet. Whether these exciting but expensive technologies can be successfully commercialized remains to be seen. Gantry mechanization (including harvesting) of fruits and vegetables in greenhouses has also been investigated but cost remains a difficult factor to overcome.

The United States started moving from reapers to wheat binders in the 1870s and to corn binders in the 1880s. These changes coincided with, or even preceded, the development of modern harrowing technology: spring tooth harrows and disk harrows.

Demonstration of Fendt 1050 Vario in the field, Hykolaevsk oblast. [ENGLISH SUBTITLES]Early methods of weed control included mowing, flooding, cultivating, smothering, burning, and crop rotation. Though these methods are still important, other means are perhaps more typical today, particularly the use of herbicide (plant-killing) chemicals. Another technique is to introduce insects that attack only the unwanted plant and destroy it while leaving the crop plants unharmed.

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Japanese technologists have pioneered the state-of-the-art technology in mechanized transplanting, which hitherto had been (and still remains) a highly labor intensive operation. Exciting innovations have occurred in sowing including the use of air pressure in precision seeders (both positive and negative, e.g. vacuum seeders), monitoring of seed metering and sowing rates using sensors, and fluid drilling (a method of sowing pregerminated seed suspended in a pumpable gel).

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