Sugar beet Harvester Machine Thailand made working with Massey Ferguso

Sugar beet Harvester Machine Thailand made working with Massey Ferguson Tractor

Soil tillage systems are predominantly concerned with the provision of an adequate seedbed to accommodate the subsequent crop seeding or planting operation and to provide an optimum environment for seed germination, plant establishment and vigorous crop growth. Traditional tillage systems involved breaking the soil crust with a human or animal powered implement or plow pushed or pulled through the soil.

The history of agricultural growth and mechanization in some of today's industrial countries illustrates this generalization. In 1880, factor endowments differed widely among these countries, with Japan having only 0.65 hectares of land per male worker and the United States about forty times as much (see Binswanger and Ruttan 1978, tables 3-1 and 3-2).

In the early 19th century, animals were the chief source of power in farming. Later in the century, steam power gained in importance. During World War I gasoline- (petrol-) powered tractors became common, and diesel engines later became prevalent. In the developed countries, the number of farm workers has steadily declined in the 20th century, while farm production has increased because of the use of machinery.
By 1852 the number of threshing machines in France had already reached nearly one-third of its peak 1929 level, though they spread more slowly in Germany. Except for some animal-drawn primary tillage, stationary machines for powerintensive operations preceded all other forms of mechanization in Japan. In South Asia animals have long driven Persian wheels, sugarcane crushers, and oil crushers.Food production can be increased if the primary producer or farmer is provided with a guaranteed profitable income for the farm produce. With such guarantees the farmer can invest in the necessary inputs including mechanization to increase productivity, secure in the knowledge that, as productivity increases, income will increase enabling payback and facilitating further investment as required.

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On the other hand, a contractor servicing many small growers in a local region can spread the capital cost accordingly and provide a service at an affordable price. For individual farmers who cannot afford a new and expensive item of equipment and who prefer not to depend on contractor availability, purchase of second hand equipment is an option where the support of a local finance agency may be required.

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