Sugarbeet Harvest 2016 UK | 2 Verveat Beet Harvesters

Sugarbeet Harvest 2016 UK | 2 Verveat Beet Harvesters

For most developed and developing countries for which data are available, the spread of seed drills is paralleled by the spread of inter-row cultivators or, at an earlier stage, simple animal-drawn hoes or blade harrows for interculture.

Tractors were mainly used for tillage and as power sources for stationary machines such as threshers, saws, silo fillers, and choppers. The same pattern of tractor use was common in Europe until about 1960 and is now common in South Asia, Southeast Asia, and China. The only differences are that direct power takeoff has replaced the belt and pulley and that tractors are now more frequently used for transport. Although modern tractors are more efficient than prewar ones, wages in Asia are much lower than in the prewar United States. Asian countries are therefore likely to make continued use of animals along with tractors, until rising wages make the animals' drivers, and thus the animals, too expensive.

Food production can be increased if the primary producer or farmer is provided with a guaranteed profitable income for the farm produce. With such guarantees the farmer can invest in the necessary inputs including mechanization to increase productivity, secure in the knowledge that, as productivity increases, income will increase enabling payback and facilitating further investment as required.
Thus, huge savings in labor have accrued from engine-driven mechanization systems in the developed world, which in turn have been rapidly followed by rural depopulation. The societal impact of rural depopulation has not been adequately addressed.The choice or selection of agricultural equipment is dictated by a multiplicity of factors including the nature and size of the enterprise, the profitability and access to finance, the economic status of the region, the accessibility to a range of equipment options at local level, the ownership (individual, shared or cooperative) of equipment and access to mechanization contractors.

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The most dramatic aspect of mechanization is the shift from one source of power to another. In ancient China cattle began to replace human labor more than 3,200 years ago. Between the second and fourth century A.D. fairly widespread use of water power is reported from China for rice pounding, grinding, and water lifting (Liu 1962).

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