As a consequence, the transition to engine powered mechanization is likely to occur sooner rather than later in the poorer regions unless rural life (especially for females) can be made more attractive.
Protection from rodents requires rodenticides and protective equipment to prevent rodents from entering the crop store. In developed agricultural systems, the modern farm is viewed primarily as a production unit where the harvested product is rapidly transferred to agribusiness and food companies which have the necessary technological, management and financial resources to adequately treat and preserve farm produce in bulk.
The operations of farming for which machines are used are diverse. For crop production they include handling of residues from previous crops; primary and secondary tillage of the soil; fertilizer distribution and application; seeding, planting, and transplanting; cultivation; pest control; harvesting; transportation; storage; premarketing processing; drainage; irrigation and erosion control; and water conservation.Advances in technology have been central to the dramatic progress in the mechanization of farming practices throughout the world. Of greatest importance has been the development of the internal combustion engine and its utilization in farm tractors, combine harvesters and other self-propelled agricultural machinery.Advances in technology have been central to the dramatic progress in the mechanization of farming practices throughout the world. Of greatest importance has been the development of the internal combustion engine and its utilization in farm tractors, combine harvesters and other self-propelled agricultural machinery.
Leasing of expensive equipment is also an option but generally is less popular except with larger producers. In the developing countries, the trend towards adoption of the tractor as the fundamental unit of agricultural mechanization systems is sure to continue. However, for many small farmers in deprived regions the transition to tractor-based mechanization is not a realistic option due to the lack of finance and basic infrastructure. In this situation, a continued reliance on human energy and animal-powered equipment for tillage, planting and harvesting will prevail for the foreseeable future.