Tractors and farm machines at work Power in Action 2010
The widespread use of modern steel harrows in the United States was delayed until the 1880s, roughly fifty years after the massive shift to cast iron and steel plows. When tractors were introduced, they began to be used universally for primary tillage, while animals continued to be used for other types of soil preparation.
In the early phases of machinery invention, subinvention and adaptation are done almost exclusively by small manufacturers or workshops, working closely with farmers. Public sector research has contributed little to machinery development, but more to education. The contribution of large corporations increases over time, but continues to be largest in the area of engineering operations.
Oil from oilseeds such as rapeseed, corn oil or sunflower oil, needs to be esterified to reduce its viscosity close to that of diesel before use in a diesel engine. The oil from oilseeds cannot be regarded as a potentially economic byproduct in the same way as sugarcane bagasse, a byproduct of sugar manufacture used as feed stock for manufacture of car alcohol fuel, or straw from cereals, used as fuel in boilers, are so regarded.Soil tillage systems are predominantly concerned with the provision of an adequate seedbed to accommodate the subsequent crop seeding or planting operation and to provide an optimum environment for seed germination, plant establishment and vigorous crop growth. Traditional tillage systems involved breaking the soil crust with a human or animal powered implement or plow pushed or pulled through the soil.Protection from rodents requires rodenticides and protective equipment to prevent rodents from entering the crop store. In developed agricultural systems, the modern farm is viewed primarily as a production unit where the harvested product is rapidly transferred to agribusiness and food companies which have the necessary technological, management and financial resources to adequately treat and preserve farm produce in bulk.
Mechanization is the main facilitator of the trend toward bigger farms. This goes along with another lesson from historical data and contemporary experience: Generalization 6. Large farms adopt new forms of machinery considerably faster than small farms. Because larger farms offer more collateral, they make it easier to borrow to invest in new machinery.